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LGBT 10: LGBT Culture & Society (Kolber): Research Skills

Boolean Logic

Refine your search by using Boolean Logic (AND, OR, NOT):

AND narrows a search, though the AND is usually implied (i.e. tourette syndrome AND adolescent). This searches only for items containing both search terms.

OR expands or broadens a search (i.e. GMO OR genetically modified OR transgenic). This searches for either term thus widening the possibilities. This is good for searching using synonyms.

NOT excludes specific terms (i.e. healthy weight gain NOT pregnancy). This would be useful if you wanted to find info about healthy weight gain not related to pregnancy.

Search STrategy


Search Strategies

  • Identify key concepts. Include only useful or relevant keywords in your search. 
  • Try synonyms and search Subject Terms, Subject Headings or Descriptors to maximize your search
  • Truncation tip: child* will return results for child, childhood and children.
  • Use Advanced Search to limit to document type, time period, material type, etc.
  • Refine results to just Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) journals

Narrowing a Topic

This brief video provides some effective strategies for narrowing your topic. If viewing video from off-campus, you will use your active RAM ID to log in.

Narrowing a topic

Library Research Skills Workshops

Learning to do library and web-based information research is an important part of information competency. These abilities are increasingly important in our networked, information-rich society and can be applied in college work, as well as in one’s personal and professional life.  The library offers several Library Research Skills workshops that can help students meet the information competency learning outcomes required by their courses and as part of the CCSF Information Competency graduation requirement.

Library & Learning Resources, City College of San Francisco
50 Phelan Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94112 (415) 452-5541