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Fake News: Resources

Fact Checking Links

This free online course, a joint effort by Poynter's News University and the American Press Institute, is designed to impart the fundamental skills and knowledge needed to begin or improve a high-quality fact-checking program. The course takes 2-4 hours to complete.

PolitiFact is a fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials and others who speak up in American politics. PolitiFact is run by editors and reporters from the Tampa Bay Times, an independent newspaper in Florida.

This highly regarded rumor analyzing site has been researching rumors since 1995., a project of the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania, is a nonpartisan, nonprofit “consumer advocate” for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics.

Open Secrets is run by the Center for Responsive Politics, an award-winning nonpartisan, independent, nonprofit organization that is the premier research group tracking money in U.S. politics and its effect on elections and public policy. 

Similar to Snopes but tighter in scope, Hoax-Slayer focuses on email hoaxes, identity theft scams and spam.

While focused primarily on political facts, this covers specific claims in-depth and with plenty of cross-referencing.

A professional networking website that you can use to look up authors to see if they are credible.

Use this app to double check the sources of images.

Browser plug-in powered by OpenSources.

Fake News Is a Real Problem

fake news  chart

Fake News in the News

Creation and Spread of Fake News

New York Times: These Are the Ads Russia Bought on Facebook in 2016

A sample of foreign-sponsored political ads presented by the House Intelligence Committee on November 1, 2017.

New York Times: Why Foreign Propaganda Is More Dangerous Now

An increasing reliance on social media makes Americans more vulnerable to foreign propaganda.

‚ÄčABCNews: When Fake News Makes Real News Headlines

About a fake story which was treated as real news. Traces some of the pipeline for developing and distributing fake news How do Fake News Sites Make Money? 

An investigation into how profitable fake news can be.

Deutsche Welle: Fake News

Current news about fake news in Europe.

New York Times: How Fake News Goes Viral

From a single Tweeter with 35 friends to being shared over 400,000 times through various forums, this article traces a Tweet made November 9th, 2016.

CNN: Fake News, Real Violence

"Pizzagate" was a fake news story which connected a pizzeria with a child pornography ring allegedly run by Hillary Clinton and John Podesta. On Sunday, December 3, 2016, an armed shooter entered the pizzeria and fired a shot before being accosted by the police.

The Atlantic: The Food Babe, Enemy of Chemicals

An examination of claims made by The Food Babe, with pointed analysis by professor Kevin Folta of the University of Florida


Effect of Fake News on Readers

NPR: Students Have Dismaying Inability to Tell Fake News Apart

Many students cannot tell fake news from real news.

Stanford History Education Group November 2016 Report

Executive Summary of Evaluating Information: the Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning. You will want to read this!

PBS: The Very Real Consequences of Fake News Stories and Why Your Brain Can't Ignore Them

Satire and humor make fake news stories easier to recall, but not to evaluate.

Pew Research Center: Many Americans Believe Fake New Is Sowing Confusion

23% of Americans surveyed said they shared fake news.


Proposed Solutions

NPR: How to Tell Real News from Fake News in 'Post-Truth' Era

This article discusses "post-truth", the idea that all news outlets will fail you eventually and it's impossible to know who to trust. It provides some commonsense advice on what to look for in a news outlet.

NYT: How to Stop the Spread of Fake News

Experts offer suggestions for combating the spread of fake news.

Google and Facebook Take Aim at Fake News Sites

Google and Facebook mull technological and policy changes to address the problem of fake news.

Global Challenges: Inoculating the Public against Misinformation about Climate Change

Covers a new theory about combating fake news known as "attitudinal inoculation" and follows two studies testing this method.

Known Fake and Parodic News Sites

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