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APA Citations

Research tips, citing sources, evaluating information

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A subscription service (free to the CCSF community) to help you organize your research and cite your sources.

On Research

Glossary of clinical research terms from ClinicalTrials.gov

Overview of types of research and Levels of evidence Part of an excellent Evidence Based Medicine tutorial from U of Illinois - Chicago

Introduction to Evidence Based Medicine A tutorial made through a joint venture of UNC-Chapel Hill and Duke Univ. 

Evaluating Information

It is imperitive that health science students evaluate sources for audience, currency and authority, but now, it is also important to evaluate even scholarly literature for credibilty of the journal, quality of the research, and other considerations.

The National Library of Medicine has a tutorial to help you learn to evaluate health information on the Web.

University of Illionois has an excellent introductory research guide for evidence-based medicine. The tab for levels of evidence and appraisal are especially useful for evaluating the quality of scholarly literature.

Citing Sources

You must properly credit any words, ideas or images that you do not create yourself to avoid plagiarism.  

Citing information sources acknowledges the origin of information you use and provides support and credibility to your work by showing evidence of your research.

citation is a reference to the source of an idea, information or image. Citations typically include enough identifying information, such as the author, title, date,  publication format, etc. for a reader to locate the original source.

More about citing sources.

Library Research Skills Workshops

Learning to do library and web-based information research is an important part of information competency. These abilities are increasingly important in our networked, information-rich society and can be applied in college work, as well as in one’s personal and professional life.  The library offers several Library Research Skills workshops that can help students meet the information competency learning outcomes required by their courses and as part of the CCSF Information Competency graduation requirement.

Am I citing too frequently?

APA Style Manual

Checklist for Writing Citations


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